This question grows out of the events described in the recent meta thread Why did Moderator Dale M. delete my answer? but is worth addressing on its own, in my view.
I have been under the impression that posting images of text is strongly discouraged here. I have from time to time advised posters not to post such images. But I have not been able to find anything in the help center, nor any thread on this meta site, that specifically says not to post such images as part of a question or answer.
Images of text are inaccessible to those using screen readers. They also cannot be indexed or searched, whether by our internal search function, or by search engines such as Google. Thy do not reflow when a user's browser resolution changes.
In short they are significantly harder to use. They may well be easier to capture, but a user can use an OCR program (several are widely available) or simply retype the relevant content. A user can often type in a summery and link to the image.
Should we have an explicit policy that such images are discouraged, and should be replaced by actual text whenever possible? Should we say whether such images are grounds for deleting posts?
I am inclined to think that we should clearly say that such images are discouraged and disfavored, and should be replaced, but that they are not, taken alone, grounds for deletion of a post.